Sepandārmazgān is an ancient Iranian day of appreciation toward Earth, Women and Lovers, dating back to the first Persian Empire.
Sepandarmaz is another name for mainyu (earth) meaning Holy, Humble & Passionate.
This day takes place on the 5th of the month Spandarmad. When the name of the day and the month of the day were the same, a “name-feast” celebration was always done.
According to the testimony of al-Biruni, the deity Spandarmad protected the Earth and Women so the people of Persia would have a festival and it used to be dedicated to women, and men would make them “liberal presents”. In the feast of Sepandar Mazgan, Earth was worshipped and women were venerated. On this day, women and girls sat on the throne and men and boys had to obey them and bring them presents and gifts. In this way, men were reminded to acclaim and respect women. Also, Sepandarmaz is Earth Guardian Angel. It is the symbol of humbleness, it means modest toward the entire creation. These are the qualities attributed to Earth that spreads beneath our feet, thus the symbol of modesty and love.
Nowadays, Sepandārmazgān is known as the Persian Valentine’s Day and men would gather presents and gifts and offer them to their partners to show the gratitude that they have toward them.
It is true that throw out years this beautiful and ancient festival hasn’t been celebrated anymore in Persian countries but in the last couple of years, it has been brought back and got the attention it deserves as an important history of a great nation.